The answer to this question is long and complex depending on the State you reside in, which country you are considering and what your occupation is. We need to talk to you in person to properly answer this question. In the history of Australian State surrogacy laws there has been not a single prosecution for engaging in commercial surrogacy. NB: Just because an international program is described in that country as ALTRUISTIC does not make it legal under the relevant Australian law. In NSW, QLD and ACT the surrogacy program must fully meet the definition under those State laws to be legal.
The main reason is that surrogacy is prohibited or only altruistic surrogacy is allowed in home countries. Altruistic surrogacy generally means it is more difficult to find a surrogate. Otherwise this is a personal choice of IPs but the feedback we have received is: easier and quicker to find a surrogate, geographical, cultural and socio-economic barrier to the SM making a family court application.
In the USA and Canada that is a matter between you and the egg donor. In Mexico and Greece none because egg donation is anonymous by law.
In the USA and Canada that is a matter between you and the SM. In Mexico and Greece it is also a matter for you and the SM to decide however the clinics who have been dealing with surrogates for several years claim that the surrogates are either not interested or they recommend against it.
For all of the countries, States and Provinces we work with there is no real option for the SM to change her mind.
In Greece, USA and Canada extensive psychological and medical testing for which formal pscyhologist reports are required. In all countries we work with the surrogates are required to have had at least one child of their own born without complications and they must have finished building their family.
In the USA and Canada the surrogates attend regular check-ups at the clinic but are somewhat responsible for managing their own health and the IPs are responsible for all the costs of health maintenance and check-ups.
In Greece the surrogates are seen at least weekly by a nurse, social worker, doctor both in their home and at the clinic. Blood and urine tests and ultrasounds and general medical examinations are conducted weekly, fortnightly or monthly depending on the stage of the pregnancy. They are also monitored, and tested if necessary, for alcohol, tobacco and drug use.
In all of the clinics we work with the surrogate mothers reside in their own homes throughout the pregnancy.
This will be stated in the surrogacy agreement and depend on what the surrogate mother agrees to but is usually a maximum of 3.
In all countries the doctors will do what is necessary to save her life or minimise the risk to her. This usually means an abortion.
At 12 weeks both a heart beat and some embryo formation is seen. At around 24 weeks other tests are done to confirm a substantially normal and healthy foetus.
In USA and Canada when the surrogate mother decides on it and it is consistent with the local law.
In Greece within the sole discretion of the surrogate mother but again within the legal framework.
Greece: 1 or 2 depending on doctor’s advice and IP and Surrogate’s decision.
USA: Often only 1.
Canada: Often only 1.
We have included this information on our website under the clinic section.
This is determined by the embryo transfer protocol; how many they usually transfer.
This is a personal choice. Either the full 23 chromosomes or a smaller number are checked for abnormalities. The tests are not in-expensive but you will have more information about your embryos and in some cases the results will cause you and the doctors to exclude some embryos from the transfer.
In some cases if the embryos are not developing well and looking good it may be too high a risk to the embryo to undertake the test which involves removing one cell from the embryo.
In Canada and USA it is determined by the law of the Province or State in which your surrogate gives birth.
In Nevada you can obtain a pre-birth order that will direct the local authorities to put ONLY the names of the IPs on the birth certificate.
In Illinois provided the necessary certification is completed before the birth there is no need to go to court.
In Canada you will either go to Court or complete an administrative process to obtain legal parentage.
In Greece you and the surrogate must have your agreement approved by the court before the embryo transfer can happen.
In Canada and USA same sex couples have the same access as married heterosexual couples to the surrogacy programs and they will be the legal parents for the States and Provinces in which we work.
In Greece a lesbian couple could access the program if the did so as single women. Gay men cannot currently access the program in Greece although that may change in the near future.
In Canada and USA – yes, without qualification.
In Greece single women can access the program but single men cannot currently access the surrogacy program.
No. It is not a requirement in any of the countries in which we operate and neither is it a requirement of Australian authorities to obtain citizenship and a passport for your child.
We help you with that and help you manage the relationship throughout the journey. Some clients are matched with a surrogate within days and others take some weeks. In Greece you are offered a surrogate and you either accept or decline. In USA and Canada you review profiles and decide whom you would like to proceed with.
In USA commercial surrogacy provides the surrogates with between USD $30-50,000.
In Canada and Greece the surrogacy programs are altruistic but they have different definitions of what altruistic means.
In Canada the surrogate can only be reimbursed for receipted expenses related to the pregnancy and that amount is capped at CAD$20,000.
In Greece the surrogate can be paid for lost wages and will receive about €10,000 as a payment and then expenses.